The Big Car Database

Abarth

Abarth & C. S.p.A. is a racing car and road car maker founded by Italo-Austrian Carlo Abarth in 1949. Its logo is a shield with a stylized scorpion on a red and yellow background. 

Abarth & C. S.p.A. is a fully owned subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A. (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.), the subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (formerly of Fiat S.p.A.) controlling its European automotive production activities.

Type

Società per Azioni
Industry Automotive
Founded Bologna, Italy(March 31, 1949)
Founder Carlo Abarth
Headquarters Turin:304, Italy

Area served

EMEA:44

Key people

  • Alfredo Altavilla, COO
Owner Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
Parent FCA Italy
Website abarth.it

History

1949: Abarth & C.

Carlo Abarth was sporting director of the Cisitalia factory racing team starting in 1947. 1948 saw the the financial downfall of Cisitalia, spurred by the investments needed to put the 202 coupé into production. The following year the manufacturer folded, and founder Piero Dusio flew to Argentina. Carlo Abarth, funded by Armando Scagliarini, took over Cisitalia's assets and on 31 March 1949 Abarth & C. was founded in Bologna. Carlo's astrological sign, Scorpio, was chosen as the company logo. From the Cisitalia liquidation Abarth obtained five 204 sports cars (two complete Spiders and three unfinished), a D46 single seater and various spares. The 204s were immediately rechristened Abarth 204 A. Abarth built and raced sports cars developed from the last Cisitalia cars. In addition to Guido Scagliarini, the «Squadra Abarth» racing team lined up celebrated drivers such as Tazio Nuvolari, Franco Cortese and Piero Taruffi. Notably Tazio Nuvolari made his last appearance in racing at the wheel of an Abarth 204 A, winning its class in the Palermo–Monte Pellegrino hillclimb on 10 April 1950. Alongside racing, the company's main activity was producing and selling accessories and performance parts for Fiat, Lancia, Cisitalia and Simca cars, like inlet manifolds and silencers.

On April 9, 1951 the company's headquarters were moved to Turin; Abarth began his well-known association with Fiat in 1952, when it built the Abarth 1500 Biposto on Fiat mechanicals.

In the 1960s, Abarth was successful in hillclimbing and sports car racing, mainly in classes from 850cc to 2000cc, competing with Porsche 904 and Ferrari Dino. Hans Herrmann was a factory driver from 1962 until 1965, winning the 500 km Nürburgring in 1963 with Teddy Pilette.

Abarth promised Johann Abt that he could race a factory car for free if he won all the races he entered. Abt almost succeeded: of the 30 races he entered, Abt won 29 and finished second once. Abt later founded Abt Sportsline.

Abarth produced high-performance exhaust pipes, diversifying into tuning kits for road vehicles, mainly for Fiat. A racing exhaust was produced for the 1950s Lambretta models "D" and "LD". Original Abarth LD exhausts are now valuable collectors items. Reproductions are available which carry the Abarth name, how Fiat feels about this is not known. Lambretta even held several 125cc Motorcycle land speed records during the 1950s thanks partly to the exhaust that Abarth developed for them.

Abarth also helped build sports or racing cars with Porsche and Simca.

1971: Fiat takeover

Carlo sold Abarth to Fiat on 31 July 1971. The acquisition was only made public by Fiat with a press release on 15 October. As Fiat was not interested in the Reparto Corse racing operations, these were taken over by Enzo Osella. Osella obtained cars, spares, technicians and drivers (amongst them Arturo Merzario), and continued the racing activity founding the Osella racing team. Thus ended for Abarth the days of sport prototype and hill climb racing.

Under Fiat ownership, Abarth became the Fiat Group's racing department, managed by engine designer Aurelio Lampredi. Abarth prepared Fiat's rally cars, including the Fiat 124 Abarth Rally and 131 Abarth. In December 1977, in advance of the 1978 racing season, the beforehand competing Abarth and Squadra Corse Lancia factory racing operations were merged by Fiat into a single entity named EASA (Ente per l'Attività Sportiva Automobilistica, Organization for Car Sports Racing Activities). Cesare Fiorio (previously in charge of the Lancia rally team) was appointed director, while Daniele Audetto was sporting director; the EASA headquarters were set up in Abarth's Corso Marche (Turin) offices. The combined racing department developed the Lancia Beta Montecarlo Turbo Group 5 racing car (1980 and 1981 World Sportscar Championship winner) and the Lancia Rally 037 Group B rally car (which won for Lancia the 1983 World Manufacturers' Championship).

On 1 October 1981, Abarth & C. ceased to exist and was replaced by Fiat Auto Gestione Sportiva, a division of the parent company specialized in the management of racing programmes that would remain in operation through to the end of 1999, when it changed to Fiat Auto Corse S.p.A.

Some commercial models built by Fiat or its subsidiaries Lancia and Autobianchi were co-branded Abarth, including the Autobianchi A112 Abarth, a popular "boy racer" because it was lightweight and inexpensive.

In the 1980s Abarth name was mainly used to mark performance cars, such as the Fiat Ritmo Abarth 125/130 TC.

In 2000s, Fiat used the Abarth brand to designate a trim/model level, as in the Fiat Stilo Abarth.

2007: rebirth of Abarth & C. S.p.a.

On 1 February 2007 Abarth was re-established as an independent unit with the launch of the current company, Abarth & C. S.p.a., controlled 100% by Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A., the subsidiary of Fiat S.p.A. dealing with the production and selling of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles. The first model launched was the Abarth Grande Punto and the Abarth Grande Punto S2000. The brand is based in the Officine 83, part of the old Mirafiori engineering plant. The CEO is Harald Wester.

In 2015 Abarth's parent company was renamed FCA Italy S.p.A., reflecting the incorporation of Fiat S.p.A. into Fiat Chrysler Automobiles that took place in the previous months.

Production

Current models

Abarth 500 Abarth 500C Abarth 124 Spider
  • City car
  • 3-door hatchback
  • City car
  • Cabriolet
  • Sports car
  • Roadster
Fiat 500 Abarth front.JPG Abarth 500C rear Poznan 2011.jpg Abarth 124 Spider (17).JPG

Cars produced by Abarth

 

  • Fiat-Abarth 500
  • Fiat-Abarth 750
  • Fiat-Abarth 1000 TC (Fiat 600 based)
  • Fiat-Abarth 850 TC
  • Abarth 1100 Scorpione Spider (Boano)
  • Abarth 1500 Biposto
  • Abarth Simca 2000 – coupé
  • Abarth 204A Berlinetta
  • Abarth 205A Berlinetta
  • Alfa Romeo Abarth 2000 Coupe
  • Abarth 207A Spyder
  • Abarth 209A Boano Coupe
  • Porsche 356B Carrera GTL Abarth
  • Abarth Simca 1300 GT
  • Fiat-Abarth OT1000
  • Fiat-Abarth OT1600
  • Fiat-Abarth OT 2000 Competition Coupé
  • Fiat-Abarth Zagato 750
  • Fiat-Abarth 2200
  • Fiat-Abarth Allemano 750 Spider
  • Fiat-Abarth 2400
  • Fiat Abarth 1000 TCR Berlina
  • Autobianchi A112 Abarth
  • Fiat-Abarth 595 SS
  • Fiat-Abarth 695 SS
  • Abarth OT 1300
  • Abarth Monomille
  • Abarth Grand Prix/Scorpione
  • Abarth 3000 Prototipo
  • Fiat Ritmo 125/130 TC Abarth
  • Fiat Abarth 124 Rally
  • Fiat 131 Abarth Rally
  • Lancia 037
  • Lancia Abarth Kappa Coupe Turbo

Cars not produced by Abarth but with Abarth badges

  • Fiat Uno Turbo Mk2 (Abarth)
  • Fiat Bravo GT/HGT (Abarth)
  • Fiat Bravo Type 198 (Abarth)
  • Fiat Stilo (Abarth)
  • Fiat Punto (Abarth)
  • Fiat Cinquecento Sporting (Abarth)
  • Fiat Seicento Sporting (Abarth)

Cars produced under Abarth & C. S.p.A. (2007–)

  • Abarth 500
  • Abarth 500 SS
  • Assetto Corsa Rally
  • 695 Tributo Ferrari
  • 695C Edizione Maserati (499 Units)
  • Abarth Grande Punto (2007)
  • Abarth Grande Punto SS (2007)
  • Abarth Punto Evo
  • Abarth Punto Supersport (2012–2013)
  • Abarth 500C

Cars produced by other manufacturers with involvement from Abarth

  • Lancia Delta S4 for Group B – Helped to engineer the engine which utilised a supercharger and turbocharger.

Cars produced under Fiat Corse – N Technology named Abarth

  • Fiat Punto Abarth (rally version only)
  • Fiat Cinquecento 900 Trofeo kitcar (teams had to build up their own rallycar from Fiat N Technology derived Abarth racingparts)
  • Fiat Cinquecento Sporting 1.1 Rally car
  • Fiat Seicento Sporting 1.1 Rally car

Motorsport

Rally

Year Car Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 DC Points MC Points
2007 Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 Italy Andrea Navarra KEN
1
TUR
2
BEL
3
RUS
4
POR
Ret
CZE
7
ITA
10
SWI
Ret
CHI       3rd 32 2nd 90
Italy Umberto Scandola KEN
Ret
TUR BEL
5
RUS POR CZE ITA
4
SWI
3
CHI       6th 15
Finland Anton Alén KEN TUR
4
BEL RUS
1
POR CZE
Ret
ITA SWI CHI       7th 15
Italy Giandomenico Basso KEN TUR BEL RUS POR
1
CZE ITA
2
SWI CHI       5th 18
2008 Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 Italy Giandomenico Basso TUR
Ret
POR
4
BEL
6
RUS
3
POR
2
CZE
Ret
ESP
1
ITA
1
SWI
5
CHI     3rd 32 2nd 74
Finland Anton Alén TUR
3
POR
Ret
BEL
11
RUS
2
POR CZE
Ret
ESP
6
ITA
8
SWI
6
CHI     5th 21
Italy Umberto Scandola TUR POR BEL RUS POR
7
CZE ESP ITA
Ret
SWI
Ret
CHI     28th 2
Italy Renato Travaglia TUR POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
4
SWI CHI     6th* 19*
Italy Alessio Pissi TUR POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
13
SWI CHI     - 0
Italy Andrea Navarra TUR POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
Ret
SWI CHI     - 0
2009 Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 Italy Giandomenico Basso MON
5
BRA
3
KEN POR
Ret
BEL
8
RUS
3
POR
1
CZE
Ret
ESP
8
ITA SCO   5th 28 4th 43
Finland Anton Alén MON
Ret
BRA
Ret
KEN POR
14
BEL RUS
7
POR CZE ESP ITA SCO   34th 3
Italy Luca Rossetti MON
Ret
BRA KEN POR BEL RUS POR
Ret
CZE
10
ESP ITA
2
SCO   10th 8
Belgium Bernd Casier MON BRA KEN POR BEL
14
RUS POR CZE ESP ITA SCO   - 0
Spain Miguel Fuster MON BRA KEN POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP
Ret
ITA SCO   - 0
Italy Umberto Scandola MON BRA KEN POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
11
SCO   - 0
Belgium François Duval MON BRA KEN POR BEL RUS POR CZE ESP ITA
Ret
SCO   - 0
2010 Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 Italy Luca Rossetti MON BRA ARG CAN ITA BEL AZO MAD CZE ITA
5
SCO CYP 22nd 4 6th 6
Italy Giandomenico Basso MON BRA ARG CAN ITA BEL AZO MAD CZE ITA
7
SCO CYP 36th 2
 

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