The Big Car Database

Ferrari

Ferrari S.p.A. (pronounced ferˈrari) is an Italian sports car manufacturer based in Maranello. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1939 as Auto Avio Costruzioni, the company built its first car in 1940.

However the company's inception as an auto manufacturer is usually recognized in 1947, when the first Ferrari-badged car was completed.

Ferrari is the world's most powerful brand according to Brand Finance. In May 2012 the 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO became the most expensive car in history, selling in a private transaction for US$38.1 million to American communications magnate Craig McCaw.

Fiat S.p.A. acquired 50 percent of Ferrari in 1969 and expanded its stake to 90 percent in 1988. In October 2014 Fiat Chrysler Automobilesannounced its intentions to separate Ferrari from FCA; as of the announcement FCA owned 90 percent of Ferrari. The separation began in October 2015 with a restructuring that established Ferrari N.V. (a company incorporated in the Netherlands) as the new holding company of the Ferrari group and the subsequent sale by FCA of a 10 percent of the shares in an IPO and concurrent listing of common shares on the New York Stock Exchange. Through the remaining steps of the separation, FCA's interest in Ferrari's business was distributed to shareholders of FCA, with a 10 percent continuing to be owned by Piero Ferrari. The spin-off was completed on 3 January 2016.

Throughout its history, the company has been noted for its continued participation in racing, especially in Formula One, where it is the most successful racing team, holding the most constructors championships (16) and having produced the highest number of winning drivers (15). Ferrari road cars are generally seen as a symbol of speed, luxury and wealth.

Native name

Ferrari N.V.

Type

Naamloze vennootschap
Traded as
  • NYSE: RACE
  • BIT: RACE
Industry Automotive
Founded 13 September 1939 inModena, Italy (as Auto Avio Costruzioni)
Founder Enzo Ferrari
Headquarters
  • Amsterdam, the Netherlands (legal)
  • Maranello, Italy (de facto)

Key people

  • Sergio Marchionne
  • (Chairman and CEO)
  • Piero Ferrari
  • (Vice Chairman)
  • Amedeo Felisa
  • (Ex-CEO)
Products Sports cars
Owners
  • Exor S.p.A. (22.91%)
  • Piero Ferrari (10%)
Subsidiaries Ferrari S.p.A. (100%)
Website Ferrari.com
Forums

History

Enzo Ferrari was not initially interested in the idea of producing road cars when he formed Scuderia Ferrari in 1929, with headquarters in Modena. Scuderia Ferrari (pronounced ) literally means "Ferrari Stable" and is usually used to mean "Team Ferrari." Ferrari bought, prepared and fielded Alfa Romeo racing cars for gentlemen drivers. In 1933 Alfa Romeo withdrew its in-house racing team and Scuderia Ferrari took over as its works team: the Scuderia received Alfa's Grand Prix cars of the latest specifications and fielded many famous drivers such as Tazio Nuvolari and Achille Varzi. In 1938 Alfa Romeo brought its racing operation again in-house, forming Alfa Corse in Milano and hired Enzo Ferrari as manager of the new racing department; therefore the Scuderia Ferrari was disbanded.

In September 1939 Enzo Ferrari left Alfa Romeo under the provision that he would not use the Ferrari name in association with races or racing cars for at least four years. A few days later he founded Auto Avio Costruzioni, headquartered in the facilities of the old Scuderia Ferrari. The new company ostensibly produced machine tools and aircraft accessories. In 1940 Ferrari did in fact produce a race car – the Tipo 815, based on a Fiat platform. It was the first Ferrari car and debuted at the 1940 Mille Miglia, but due to World War II it saw little competition. In 1943 the Ferrari factory moved to Maranello, where it has remained ever since. The factory was bombed by the Allies and subsequently rebuilt including a works for road car production.

The first Ferrari-badged car was the 1947 125 S, powered by a 1.5 L V12 engine; Enzo Ferrari reluctantly built and sold his automobiles to fund Scuderia Ferrari.

The Scuderia Ferrari name was resurrected to denote the factory racing cars and distinguish them from those fielded by customer teams.

In 1960 the company was restructured as a public corporation under the name SEFAC S.p.A. (Società Esercizio Fabbriche Automobili e Corse).

Early in 1969, Fiat took a 50 percent stake in Ferrari. An immediate result was an increase in available investment funds, and work started at once on a factory extension intended to transfer production from Fiat's Turin plant of the Ferrari engined Fiat Dino. New model investment further up in the Ferrari range also received a boost.

In 1988, Enzo Ferrari oversaw the launch of the Ferrari F40, the last new Ferrari to be launched before his death later that year, and arguably one of the most famous supercars ever made. In 1989 the company was renamed as Ferrari S.p.A. From 2002 to 2004, Ferrari produced the Enzo, their fastest model at the time, which was introduced and named in honor of the company's founder, Enzo Ferrari. It was to be called the F60, continuing on from the F40 and F50, but Ferrari was so pleased with it, they called it the Enzo instead. It was initially offered to loyal and reoccurring customers, each of the 399 made (minus the 400th which was donated to the Vatican for charity) had a price tag of $650,000 apiece (equivalent to £400,900).

On 15 September 2012, 964 Ferrari cars (worth over $162 million (equivalent to £99,950,000)) attended the Ferrari Driving Days event at Silverstone Circuit and paraded round the Silverstone Circuit setting a world record.

Ferrari's former CEO and Chairman, Luca di Montezemolo, resigned from the company after 23 years, who was succeeded by Amedeo Felisa and finally on 3 May 2016 Amedeo resigned and was succeeded by Sergio Marchionne, CEO and Chairman of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, Ferrari's parent company.

On 29 October 2014, the FCA group, resulting from the merger between manufacturers Fiat and Chrysler, announced the split of its luxury brand, Ferrari. The aim is to turn Ferrari into an independent brand which 10 percent of stake will be sold in an IPO in 2015. Ferrari officially priced its initial public offering at $52 a share after the market close on 20 October 2015.

Motorsport

For a complete list of Ferrari racing cars, see List of Ferrari competition cars.

Since the company's beginnings, Ferrari has been involved in motorsport, competing in a range of categories including Formula One and sports car racing through its Scuderia Ferrari sporting division as well as supplying cars and engines to other teams and for one make race series.

The 1940 AAC 815 was the first racing car to be designed by Enzo Ferrari, although it was not badged as a Ferrari model.

Scuderia Ferrari

Scuderia Ferrari has participated in several classes of motorsport, though it is currently only officially involved in Formula One. It is the only team to have competed in the Formula One World Championship continuously since its inception in 1950. José Froilán González gave the team its first F1 victory at the1951 British Grand Prix.

Alberto Ascari gave Ferrari its first Drivers Championship a year later. Ferrari is the oldest team in the championship, and the most successful: the team holds nearly every Formula One record. As of 2014, the team's records include 15 World Drivers Championship titles (1952, 1953, 1956, 1958, 1961, 1964, 1975, 1977, 1979, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 and 2007) 16 World Constructors Championship titles (1961, 1964, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007 and 2008), 221 Grand Prix victories, 6736.27 points, 679 podium finishes, 207 pole positions, and 230 fastest laps in 890 Grands Prix contested. Of the 19 tracks used in 2014, 8 have lap records set by the Ferrari F2004, with a further 3 set by the Ferrari F2003-GA, Ferrari F2008 and Ferrari F10.

Ferrari drivers include: Tazio Nuvolari, José Froilán González, Juan Manuel Fangio, Alberto Ascari, Luigi Chinetti, Maurice Trintignant, Wolfgang von Trips, Phil Hill, Olivier Gendebien, Mike Hawthorn, Peter Collins, Giancarlo Baghetti, Ricardo Rodríguez, Chris Amon, John Surtees, Lorenzo Bandini,Ludovico Scarfiotti, Jacky Ickx, Mario Andretti, Clay Regazzoni, Niki Lauda, Carlos Reutemann, Jody Scheckter, Gilles Villeneuve, Didier Pironi, Patrick Tambay, René Arnoux, Michele Alboreto, Gerhard Berger, Nigel Mansell, Alain Prost, Jean Alesi, Michael Schumacher, Eddie Irvine, Rubens Barrichello, Felipe Massa, Kimi Räikkönen,Fernando Alonso, and Sebastian Vettel.

At the end of the 2006 season, the team courted controversy by continuing to allow Marlboro to sponsor them after they, along with the other F1 teams, made a promise to end sponsorship deals with tobacco manufacturers. A five-year deal was agreed and although this was not due to end until 2011, in April 2008 Marlboro dropped their on-car branding on Ferrari.

The drivers competing for 2009 were Felipe Massa and Kimi Räikkönen. In 2010 Fernando Alonso started racing for Ferrari after racing for Renault, Minardi and McLaren, filling Kimi Räikkönen's former seat.

In addition to Formula One, Ferrari also entered cars in sportscar racing, the two programs existing in parallel for many years.

In 1949, Luigi Chinetti drove a 166 M to Ferrari's first win in motorsports, the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Ferrari went on to dominate the early years of theWorld Sportscar Championship which was created in 1953, winning the title seven out of its first nine years.

When the championship format changed in 1962, Ferrari earned titles in at least one class each year through to 1965 and then again in 1967. Ferrari would win one final title, the 1972 World Championship of Makes before Enzo decided to leave sports car racing after 1973 and allow Scuderia Ferrari to concentrate solely on Formula One.

During Ferrari's seasons of the World Sportscars Championship, they also gained more wins at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, with the factory team earning their first in 1954. Another win would come in 1958, followed by five consecutive wins from 1960 to 1964. Luigi Chinetti's North American Racing Team(NART) would take Ferrari's final victory at Le Mans in 1965.

Although Scuderia Ferrari no longer participated in sports cars after 1973, they have occasionally built various successful sports cars for privateers. These include the BB 512 LM in the 1970s, the 333 SP which won the IMSA GT Championship in the 1990s, and currently the 458 GT2 and GT3 which are currently winning championships in their respective classes.

Race cars for other teams

Throughout its history, Ferrari has supplied racing cars to other entrants, aside from its own works Scuderia Ferrari team.

In the 1950s and '60s, Ferrari supplied Formula One cars to a number of private entrants and other teams. One famous example was Tony Vandervell's team, which raced the Thinwall Specialmodified Ferraris before building their own Vanwall cars. The North American Racing Team's entries in the final three rounds of the 1969 season were the last occasions on which a team other than Scuderia Ferrari entered a World Championship Grand Prix with a Ferrari car.

Ferrari supplied cars complete with V8 engines for the A1 Grand Prix series, from the 2008-09 season. The car was designed by Rory Byrne and is styled to resemble the 2004 Ferrari Formula one car.

Ferrari currently runs a customer GT program for a racing version of its 458 model, and has done so for the 458's predecessors, dating back to the 355 in the late 1990s. Such private teams as the American Risi Competizione and Italian AF Corse teams have been very successful with Ferrari GT racers over the years. This car, made for endurance sportscar racing to be competed against such racing versions of the Audi R8, McLaren MP4-12C, and BMW Z4 has proven to be successful, but not as successful as its predecessor, the F430. The Ferrari Challenge is a one make racing series for the Ferrari 458. The FXX is not road legal, and is therefore only used for track events.

Road cars

For a complete list, including future and concept car models, see List of Ferrari road cars (below).

Ferrari's first vehicle was the 125 S sports/racing model. In 1949, the Ferrari 166 Inter was introduced. The presentation of this car marked the company's first move into the grand touring market, which continues to make up the bulk of Ferrari sales to the present day.

Several early cars featured bodywork customised by a number of coachbuilders such as Pininfarina, Zagato and Bertone.

The Dino was the first mid-engined Ferrari. This layout would go on to be used in most Ferraris of the 1980s and 1990s. V8 Ferrari models make up well over half of the marque's total production.

For a time, Ferrari built 2+2 versions of its mid-engined V8 cars. Although they looked quite different from their 2-seat counterparts, both the GT4 and Mondial were closely related to the 308 GTB.

The company has also produced front-engined 2+2 cars, culminating in the current California.

Ferrari entered the mid-engined 12-cylinder fray with the Berlinetta Boxer in 1973. The later Testarossa remains one of the most famous Ferraris.

Current models

488 GTB Ferrari 488 Spider California T LaFerrari Aperta
  • Sports car
  • Twin-turbo V8 engine
  • Coupé
  • Sports car
  • Twin-turbo V8 engine
  • Convertible
  • 2+2 grand tourer
  • Twin-turbo V8 engine
  • Convertible
  • Hypercar
  • V12 engine + HY-KERS
  • Convertible
2015-03-03 Geneva Motor Show 3908.JPG Frankfurt Motor Show 2015 (102).JPG 2014-03-04 Geneva Motor Show 1454.JPG N/A
F12berlinetta F12tdf GTC4 Lusso LaFerrari
  • Grand tourer
  • V12 engine
  • Coupé
  • Performance
  • V12 engine
  • Coupé
  • 2+2 grand tourer
  • V12 engine
  • Shooting brake
  • Hypercar
  • V12 engine + HY-KERS
  • Coupé
2015-03-03 Geneva Motor Show 3552.JPG N/A 2016-03-01 Geneva Motor Show G184.JPG 2013-03-05 Geneva Motor Show 8267.JPG

Supercars

The company's loftiest efforts have been in the supercar market. The 1984 GTO (288 GTO) may be considered the first in the line of Ferrari supercars, which extends to the recent LaFerrari model.

Concept cars and specials

Ferrari has produced a number of concept cars, such as the Ferrari Mythos. While some of these were quite radical (such as the Ferrari Modulo) and never intended for production, others such as the Ferrari Mythos have shown styling elements which were later incorporated into production models.

The most recent concept car to be produced by Ferrari themselves was the 2010 Ferrari Millechili.

A number of one-off special versions of Ferrari road cars have also been produced, commissioned to coachbuilders by wealthy owners. Recent examples include the Ferrari P4/5 by Pininfarina and the Ferrari 612 Kappa.

Ferrari Special Projects

The Special Projects programme was launched in the late 2000s as Ferrari's ultimate in-house personalization service, enabling customers to own bespoke bodied one-offs based on modern Ferrari road cars. Engineering and design is done by Ferrari, sometimes in cooperation with external design houses like Pininfarina or Fioravanti, and the vehicles receive full homologation to be road legal. The first car to be completed under this programme was the 2008 Ferrari SP1, commissioned by a Japanese business executive, the second was the P540 Superfast Aperta, commissioned by an American collector. The following is a list of Special Projects cars that have been made public:

Name Picture Year Based on Commissioned by Notes
Ferrari SP1 No image 3x4.svg 2008 F430 Junichiro Hiramatsu Design by Leonardo Fioravanti.
Ferrari P540 Superfast Aperta No image 3x4.svg 2009 599 GTB Edward Walson Inspired by a similarly gold-painted and open-topped one-off built by Carrozzeria Fantuzzi on aFerrari 330 LMB chassis.
Ferrari Superamerica 45 Ferrari Superamerica 45 in Villa Erba.jpg 2011 599 GTB Peter Kalikow Rotating targa top; design by Pininfarina
Ferrari SP12 EC FerrariSP12EC.jpg 2012 458 Italia Eric Clapton Design by Centro Stile Ferrari and Pininfarina, hommaging the Ferrari 512 BB.
Ferrari SP30 No image 3x4.svg 2013 599 GTO Cheerag Arya  
Ferrari SP FFX No image 3x4.svg FF Shin Okamoto Design by Pininfarina
Ferrari F12 TRS Festival automobile international 2015 - Ferrari F12 TRS - 007 (cropped).jpg 2014 F12berlinetta Barchetta body, inspired by the Ferrari 250 Testa Rossa. Design by Centro Stile Ferrari.
Ferrari SP America No image 3x4.svg 2014 F12berlinetta  
Ferrari 458 MM Speciale FoS20162016 0624 132509AA (27809762691).jpg 2016 458 Speciale Design by Centro Stile Ferrari.

Bio-fuel and hybrid cars

A F430 Spider that runs on ethanol was displayed at the 2008 Detroit Auto Show. At the 2010 Geneva Motor Show, Ferrari unveiled a hybrid version of their flagship 599. Called the "HY-KERS Concept", Ferrari's hybrid system adds more than 100 horsepower on top of the 599 Fiorano's 612 HP. Also in mid 2014 LaFerrari was put into production.

Naming conventions

Until the early 1980s, Ferrari followed a three-number naming scheme based on engine displacement:

  • V6 and V8 models used the total displacement (in decilitres) for the first two digits and the number of cylinders as the third. Thus, the 206 was a 2.0 L V6 powered vehicle, while the 348 used a 3.4 L V8, although, for the F355, the last digit refers to 5 valves per cylinder. Upon introduction of the 360 Modena, the digits for V8 models (which now carried a name as well as a number) refer only to total engine displacement. The numerical indication aspect of this name carried on to the F430, however the F430's replacement, the 458 Italia uses the same naming as the 206 and 348.
  • V12 models used the displacement (in cubic centimetres) of one cylinder. Therefore, the famed 365 Daytona had a 4390 cc V12. However, some newer V12-engined Ferraris, such as the599, have three-number designations that refer only to total engine displacement.
  • Flat 12 (boxer) models used the displacement in litres for the first digit and the number of cylinders for the next two digits. Therefore, the BB 512 was five litre flat 12 (a Berlinetta Boxer, in this case). However, the original Berlinetta Boxer was the 365 GT4 BB, which was named in a similar manner to the V12 models.
  • Flagship models (aka "Halo Cars") use the letter F followed by the anniversary in years, such as the F40 and F50. The Enzo skipped this rule, although the F60 name was applied to a Ferrari Formula One car and is sometimes attached to the Enzo.
  • Some models, such as the 1980 Mondial and the 1984 Testarossa did not follow a three-number naming scheme.

Most Ferraris were also given designations referring to their body style. In general, the following conventions were used:

  • M ("Modificata"), placed at the end of a model's number, denotes a modified version of its predecessor and not a complete evolution (see F512 M and575 M Maranello).
  • GTB ("Gran Turismo Berlinetta") models are closed Berlinettas, or coupés.
  • GTS ("Gran Turismo Spider") in older models, are open Spiders, or convertibles (see 365 GTS/4); however, in more recent models, this suffix is used for targa top models (see Dino 246 GTS, and F355 GTS; the exception being the 348 TS, which is the only targa named differently). The convertible models now use the suffix "Spider" (spelt "i") (see F355 Spider, and 360 Spider).
  • GTO ("Gran Turismo Omologata"), placed at the end of a model's number, denotes a modified version of its predecessor. Indeed, those three letters designate a model which has been designed and improved for racetrack use while still being a street-legal model. Only three models bear those three letters; the 250 GTO of 1962, the 288 GTO of 1984 and the 599 GTO of 2010.

This naming system can be confusing, as some entirely different vehicles used the same engine type and body style. Many Ferraris also had other names affixed (like Daytona) to identify them further. Many such names are actually not official factory names. The Daytona name commemorates Ferrari's triple success in the February 1967 24 Hours of Daytona with the 330 P4. Only in the 1973 Daytona 24 Hours, a 365 GTB/4 model run by NART (who raced Ferrari's in America) ran second, behind a Porsche 911.

The various Dino models were named for Enzo's son, Dino Ferrari, and were marketed as Dinos by Ferrari and sold at Ferrari dealers—for all intents and purposes they are Ferraris.

In the mid-1990s, Ferrari added the letter "F" to the beginning of all models (a practice abandoned after the F512 M and F355, but adopted again with the F430, but not with its successor, the Ferrari 458 ).

Identity

The famous symbol of the Ferrari race team is the Cavallino Rampante ("prancing horse") black prancing stallion on a yellow shield, usually with the letters S F (for Scuderia Ferrari), with three stripes of green, white and red (the Italian national colors) at the top. The road cars have a rectangular badge on the hood (see picture at top of page), and, optionally, the shield-shaped race logo on the sides of both front wings, close to the door.

On 17 June 1923, Enzo Ferrari won a race at the Savio track in Ravenna where he met the Countess Paolina, mother of Count Francesco Baracca, an ace of the Italian air force and national hero of World War I, who used to paint a horse on the side of his planes. The Countess asked Enzo to use this horse on his cars, suggesting that it would bring him good luck. The original "prancing horse" on Baracca's airplane was painted in red on a white cloud-like shape, but Ferrari chose to have the horse in black (as it had been painted as a sign of grief on Baracca's squadron planes after the pilot was killed in action) and he added a canary yellow background as this is the color of the city of Modena, his birthplace. The Ferrari horse was, from the very beginning, markedly different from the Baracca horse in most details, the most noticeable being the tail that in the original Baracca version was pointing downward.

Ferrari has used the cavallino rampante on official company stationery since 1929. Since the Spa 24 Hours of 9 July 1932, the cavallino rampante has been used on Alfa Romeos raced by Scuderia Ferrari.

The motif of a prancing horse is old, it can be found on ancient coins. A similar black horse on a yellow shield is the Coat of Arms of the German city of Stuttgart, home of Mercedes-Benz and the design bureau of Porsche, both being main competitors of Alfa and Ferrari in the 1930s. The city's name derives from Stutengarten, an ancient form of the German word Gestüt, which translates into English as stud farm and into Italian as scuderia. Porschealso includes the Stuttgart sign in its corporate logo, centred in the emblem of the state of Württemberg. Stuttgart's Rössle has both rear legs firmly planted on the soil, like Baracca's horse, but unlike Ferrari's cavallino.

Fabio Taglioni used the cavallino rampante on his Ducati motorbikes, as Taglioni was born at Lugo di Romagna like Baracca, and his father too was a military pilot during WWI (although not part of Baracca's squadron, as is sometimes mistakenly reported). As Ferrari's fame grew, Ducati abandoned the horse- perhaps the result of a private agreement between the two companies. 

The cavallino rampante is the visual symbol of Ferrari. Cavallino Magazine uses the name, but not the logo. Other companies use similar logos: Avanti, an Austrian company operating over 100 filling stations, uses a prancing horse logo which is nearly identical to Ferrari's, as does Iron Horse Bicycles andNorfolk Southern Railway.

Colour

Since the 1920s, Italian race cars of Alfa Romeo, Maserati and later Ferrari and Abarth were (and often still are) painted in "race red" (Rosso Corsa). This was the customary national racing color of Italy, as recommended between the World Wars by the organizations that later would become the FIA. It refers to the nationality of the competing team, not that of the car manufacturer or driver. In that scheme, French-entered cars such as Bugatti were blue, German such as Benz and Mercedes white (since 1934 also bare sheet metal silver), and British green such as the mid-1960s Lotus and BRM, for instance.

Ferrari won the 1964 World championship with John Surtees by competing the last two races in North America with cars painted in the US-American race colors white and blue, as these were not entered by the Italian factory themselves, but by the U.S.-based North American Racing Team (NART) team. This was done as a protest concerning arguments between Ferrari and the Italian Racing Authorities regarding the homologation of a new mid-engined Ferrari race car.

Corporate affairs

In 1963, Enzo Ferrari was approached by the Ford Motor Company about a possible buy out. Ford audited Ferrari's assets but legal negotiations and talks were unilaterally cut off by Ferrari when he realized that the deal offered by Ford would not enable him to stay at the helm of the company racing program.Henry Ford II consequently directed his racing division to negotiate with Lotus, Lola, and Cooper to build a car capable of beating Ferrari on the world endurance circuit, eventually resulting in the production of the Ford GT40 in 1964.

As the Ford deal fell through, FIAT approached Ferrari with a more flexible proposal and purchased controlling interests in the company in 1969. Enzo Ferrari retained a 10 percent share, which is currently owned by his son Piero Lardi Ferrari.

Ferrari has an internally managed merchandising line that licenses many products bearing the Ferrari brand, including eyewear, pens, pencils, electronic goods, perfume, cologne, clothing, high-tech bicycles, watches, cell phones and laptop computers.

Ferrari also runs a museum, the Museo Ferrari in Maranello, which displays road and race cars and other items from the company's history.

Technical partnerships

Ferrari has had a long-standing relationship with Shell Oil. It is a technical partnership with Ferrari and Ducati to test as well as supply fuel and oils to the Formula One, MotoGP and World Superbike racing teams. For example, the Shell V-Power premium gasoline fuel has been developed with the many years of technical expertise between Shell and Ferrari.

Ferrari have had agreements to supply Formula One engines to a number of other teams over the years, and currently supply Toro Rosso F1 Team, Sauber F1 Team, and Haas F1 Team.

Sales history

As of 2008, the estimated total of Ferrari built and sold cars in whole company history was about 130,000.

  • 1977    1,798*    
  • 1978    1,939*    
  • 1979    2,221*    
  • 1980    2,470*    
  • 1981    2,565*    
  • 1982    2,209*    
  • 1983    2,366*    
  • 1984    2,856*    
  • 1985    3,051    
  • 1986    3,663    
  • 1987    3,942    
  • 1988–96    no data
  • 1997    3,581    
  • 1998    no data
  • 1999    3,775    
  • 2000    4,070    
  • 2001    4,289    
  • 2002    4,236    
  • 2003    4,238    
  • 2004    4,975    
  • 2005    5,409    
  • 2006    5,671    
  • 2007    6,465    
  • 2008    6,587    
  • 2009    6,250    
  • 2010    6,461    
  • 2011    7,001    
  • 2012    7,318    
  • 2013    6,922    
  • 2014    7,255    
  • 2015    7,664    

* Figure refers to units produced rather than to units shipped.

List of Ferrari road cars

Note to names

Through the years recurring acronyms have been used to identify Ferrari grand tourer body styles:

  • GTB: Gran Turismo Berlinetta
  • GTC: Gran Turismo Coupé
  • GTS: Gran Turismo Spider

2-seat Gran Turismo

Ferrari's first road cars ever produced were V12 grand tourers. This type of car was discontinued in 1973 in favour of mid-engined 12-cylinder sports cars, later brought back in 1996 with the 550 Maranello and made ever since.

  • 1949 166 Inter
  • 1950 195 Inter
  • 1951 212 Inter
  • 1951 340 America
  • 1953 375 MM
  • 1953 250 Europa
  • 1953 375 America
  • 1954 250 Europa GT
  • 1956 410 Superamerica
  • 1956–1963 250 GT Europa/Boano/Ellena/Pininfarina Coupé/Lusso
  • 1957–1960 250 GT Berlinetta/Cabriolet/California Spider/SWB
  • 1960 400 Superamerica
  • 1964–1968 275
    • 1964–1965 275 GTB
    • 1964–1965 275 GTS
    • 1966–1968 275 GTB/4
  • 1964 500 Superfast
  • 1964 330
    • 1966 330 GTC
    • 1966 330 GTS
  • 1966 365 California
  • 1968 365
    • 1968–1969 365 GTC
    • 1969–1970 365 GTS
  • 1968–1973 365 Daytona
    • 1968–1973 365 GTB/4
    • 1968–1973 365 GTS/4
  • 1996–2006 550 & 575
    • 1996–2001 550 Maranello
    • 2001 550 Barchetta
    • 2002–2006 575M Maranello
    • 2005 575M Superamerica
  • 2006–2012 599
    • 2006-2012 599 GTB Fiorano
    • 2010 SA Aperta
    • 2010 599 GTO
    • 2012 SuperAmerica 45
  • 2013– F12berlinetta

Mid-engine V6/V8

The Dino was the first mid-engined Ferrari. This layout would go on to be used in most Ferraris of the 1980s and 1990s. V6 and V8 Ferrari models make up well over half of the marque's total production.

  • 1968–1974 Dino
    • 1968–1969 Dino 206 GT
    • 1969–1974 Dino 246 GT
    • 1972–1974 Dino 246 GTS
  • 1975–1989 208/308/328
    • 1975–1977 308 GTB (GRP)
    • 1977–1979 308 GTB & GTS
    • 1980–1981 208 GTB & GTS
    • 1980–1981 308 GTBi & GTSi
    • 1982–1985 208 GTB Turbo
    • 1983–1985 208 GTS Turbo
    • 1982–1985 308 GTB & GTS Quattrovalvole
    • 1986–1989 328 GTB & GTS
    • 1986–1989 GTB & GTS Turbo
  • 1989–1994 348
    • 1989–1993 348 TB & TS
    • 1993–1994 348 GTB, GTS & Spider
  • 1994–1999 F355
    • 1994–1999 F355 GTB & GTS
    • 1995–1999 F355 Spider
    • 1995 F355 Challenge
    • 1998–1999 355 F1
  • 1999–2004 360
    • 1999–2004 360 Modena & Spider
    • 2003–2004 360 Challenge Stradale
  • 2005–2009 F430
    • 2005–2009 F430 & F430 Spider
    • 2007–2009 F430 Scuderia
    • 2009 F430 Scuderia Spider 16M
  • 2009–2015 458
    • 2009–2015 458 Italia
    • 2011–2015 458 Spider
    • 2014–2015 458 Speciale
    • 2015 458 Speciale A
  • 2015– 488
    • 2015– 488 GTB
    • 2015– 488 GTS

Mid-engine 2+2

For a time, Ferrari built 2+2 versions of its mid-engined V8 cars. Although they looked quite different from their 2-seat counterparts, both GT4 and Mondial were closely related to the 308 GTB.

  • 1974–1980 GT4
    • 1974–1975 Dino 308 GT4
    • 1976–1980 308 GT4
    • 1975–1980 208 GT4
  • 1980–1993 Mondial
    • 1980–1981 Mondial 8
    • 1982–1985 Mondial Quattrovalvole
    • 1983–1985 Mondial Quattrovalvole Cabriolet
    • 1985–1989 3.2 Mondial & 3.2 Mondial Cabriolet
    • 1989–1993 Mondial T & Mondial T Cabriolet

Front-engine 2+2

Since 1960 the company has also produced front-engined V12 2+2 cars, culminating in the current FF. With the California a new line of V8 front-engined, 2+2 convertibles was introduced.

  • 1960–1963 250
    • 1960–1963 250 GT/E
  • 1964–1967 330
    • 1964–1965 330 GT 2+2 Series I
    • 1965–1967 330 GT 2+2 Series II
  • 1967–1971 365
    • 1967–1971 365 GT 2+2
  • 1971–1972 365 GTC/4
  • 1972–1989 365 GT4 2+2, 400 and 412
    • 1972–1976 365 GT4 2+2
    • 1976–1979 400
    • 1979–1985 400i
    • 1985–1989 412
  • 1992–2003 456
    • 1992–1997 456
    • 1998–2003 456 M
  • 2004–2011 612 Scaglietti
  • 2009 California
    • 2009–2014 California
    • 2014– California T
  • 2011–2016 FF
  • 2016 - Ferrari GTC4Lusso

Mid-engine 12-cylinder

From 1973 to 1996 Ferrari produced 180° V12 mid-engined berlinettas in place of the traditional V12 front-engined grand tourers.

  • 1973–1984 Berlinetta Boxer
    • 1973–1976 365 GT4 BB
    • 1976–1981 512 BB
    • 1981–1984 512i BB
  • 1984–1996 Testarossa
    • 1984–1992 Testarossa
    • 1992–1994 512 TR
    • 1994–1996 F512 M

Supercars

The pinnacle of the company's road cars are supercars produced in limited numbers; 250 GTO, 250 LM and 288 GTO were designed for racing homologation.

  • 1962–1964 250 GTO
  • 1964–1966 250 LM
  • 1984–1985 288 GTO
  • 1987–1992 F40
  • 1995–1997 F50
    • 1996 F50 GT
  • 2003–2005 Enzo
  • 2013–2015 LaFerrari
  • 1976–1979 400

Concept models and one-off specials

  • 1949 Ferrari 166 MM Zagato Panoramica
  • 1952 Ferrari 250 S Vignale Coupé
  • 1954 Ferrari 375 MM "Ingrid Bergman"
  • 1956 Ferrari 250 GTZ
  • 1962 Ferrari 250 GT Drogo
  • 1966 Ferrari 365 P Pininfarina Speciale
  • 1968 Ferrari 250 P5/P6
  • 1968 Ferrari Dino Berlinetta
  • 1969 Ferrari Sigma Grand Prix
  • 1969 Ferrari 365 GT Nart Spider
  • 1969 Ferrari Pininfarina 512S Berlinetta Speciale
  • 1970 Ferrari Modulo
  • 1971 Ferrari 3Z Spider
  • 1972 Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Daytona Competizione Spider
  • 1975 Ferrari 365 GTS/4 Michelotti NART Spider
  • 1975 Ferrari 365 GTB/4 Shooting Break
  • 1980 Ferrari Pinin
  • 1987 Ferrari 408 4RM
  • 1987 Ferrari PPG Pace Car
  • 1989 Ferrari Mythos
  • 1989 Colani Ferrari Testa d'Oro
  • 1991 Ferrari 348 Zagato Elaborazione
  • 1993 Ferrari FZ93
  • 1995 Ferrari FX
  • 1996 Ferrari F50 Bolide
  • 2000 Ferrari Rossa
  • 2005 Ferrari GG50
  • 2005 Ferrari Ascari
  • 2006 Ferrari P4/5
  • 2006 Ferrari Zagato 575 GTZ
  • 2008 Ferrari SP1
  • 2009 Ferrari P540 Superfast Aperta
  • 2010 Ferrari Millechili
  • 2010 Ferrari F151
  • 2011 Ferrari Superamerica 45
  • 2012 Ferrari SP12 EC
  • 2013 Pininfarina Sergio
  • 2013 Ferrari SP Arya
  • 2013 Ferrari FFX
  • 2014 Ferrari F12 TRS
  • 2014 Ferrari SP America
  • 2014 Ferrari F60 America

List of Ferrari competition cars

Current

Year Car Category
2016 SF16-H Formula One
2016 488 GTE ACO LM GTE / IMSA GTLM
2015 FXX-K XX Programmes (it)
2011 458 Italia GT3 FIA GT3 / IMSA GTD
2011 458 Challenge Ferrari Challenge

Past

Sports cars & GT

  • 1940 Auto Avio Costruzioni 815
  • 1947 125 Sport
  • 1947 159 Sport
  • 1948 166 S/SC/MM
  • 1950 195 S
  • 1951 340 America
  • 1951 212 Export
  • 1952 225 S
  • 1952 250 S
  • 1952 340 Mexico
  • 1953 250 MM
  • 1953 Ferrari-Abarth 166 MM/53
  • 1953 625 TF
  • 1953 735 S
  • 1953 500 Mondial
  • 1953 340 MM
  • 1953 375 MM
  • 1954 750 Monza
  • 1954 250 Monza
  • 1954 375 Plus
  • 1955 118 LM
  • 1955 121 LM
  • 1955 410 S
  • 1955 857 S
  • 1956 500 TR
  • 1956 290 MM
  • 1956 290 S
  • 1956 860 Monza
  • 1956 625 LM
  • 1956 250 GT Berlinetta "Tour de France"
  • 1957 500 TRC
  • 1957 315 S
  • 1957 335 S
  • 1957 250 Testa Rossa
  • 1958 412S
  • 1959 250 GT Berlinetta passo corto "SWB"
  • 1960 250 TR60
  • 1960 250 TRI/61
  • 1962 330 TRI/LM
  • 1962 250 GTO
  • 1962 Ferrari 250 GT Drogo
  • 1964 250 GTO/64
  • 1963 330 LM Berlinetta
  • 1963 P/LM series
    • 1963 250 P
    • 1964 250 LM
    • 1964 275 P
    • 1964 330 P
    • 1965 275 P2
    • 1965 330 P2
    • 1965 365 P2
    • 1966 330 P3
    • 1967 330 P4
    • 1967 412 P
  • 1965 275 GTB Competizione
  • 1969 212 E Montagna
  • 1969 312 P
  • 1969 512 S and 512 M
  • 1971 312 PB
  • 1972 365 GTB/4 Daytona Competizione
  • 1979 512 BB LM
  • 1987 GTO Evoluzione
  • 1987 F40
    • CSAI-GT
    • LM
    • GT
    • GTE
  • 1994 333 SP
  • 1995 F50 GT
  • 2001 550 GTS
  • 2001 360 Modena GT/GTC
  • 2003 575M Maranello GTC
  • 2006 F430 GTC
  • 2007 F430 GT3
  • 2009 F430 Scuderia GT3
  • 2011 458 Italia GT2
  • 2016 488 GTE

XX Programmes (it)

  • 2005 FXX
  • 2008 FXX Evoluzione
  • 2009 599XX
  • 2011 599XX Evo

Ferrari Challenge cars

  • 1993 348 Challenge
  • 1995 F355 Challenge
  • 2000 360 Challenge
  • 2006 F430 Challenge

Formula One

  1. 1948 125 F1
  2. 1950 275 F1
  3. 1950 340 F1
  4. 1950 375 F1
  5. 1951 212 F1
  6. 1954 553 F1
  7. 1954 625 F1
  8. 1955 555 F1
  9. 1955 Ferrari-Lancia D50
  10. 1957 801 F1
  11. 1958 246 F1
  12. 1959 256 F1
  13. 1960 246 P
  14. 1961 156 F1
  15. 1964 158 F1
  16. 1964 512 F1 (aka 1512)
  17. 1966 246 F1-66
  18. 1966 312
  19. 1970 312 B
  20. 1971 312 B2
  21. 1973 312 B3
  22. 1975 312 T
  23. 1976 312 T2
  24. 1978 312 T3
  25. 1979 312 T4
  26. 1980 312 T5
  27. 1981 126 C
  28. 1982 126 C2
  29. 1983 126 C3
  30. 1984 126 C4 
  31. 1985 156/85
  32. 1986 F1-86
  33. 1987 F1-87
  34. 1988 F1-87/88C
  35. 1989 640
  36. 1990 641
  37. 1991 642
  38. 1991 643
  39. 1992 F92A
  40. 1993 F93A
  41. 1994 412 T1
  42. 1995 412 T2
  43. 1996 F310
  44. 1997 F310B
  45. 1998 F300
  46. 1999 F399
  47. 2000 F1-2000
  48. 2001 F2001
  49. 2002 F2002
  50. 2003 F2003-GA
  51. 2004 F2004
  52. 2005 F2005
  53. 2006 248 F1
  54. 2007 F2007
  55. 2008 F2008
  56. 2009 F60
  57. 2010 F10 
  58. 2011 150° Italia
  59. 2012 F2012
  60. 2013 F138
  61. 2014 F14 T
  62. 2015 SF15-T
  63. 2016 SF16-H

Formula 2

  • 1948 166 F2
  • 1951 500 F2
  • 1953 553 F2
  • 1957 Dino 156 F2
  • 1960 156 F2
  • 1967 Dino 166 F2

Other single-seaters 

  • 1949 166 FL
  • 1952 375 Indianapolis
  • 1958 326 MI
  • 1958 412 MI
  • 1968 Dino 246 Tasmania
  • 1986 637 CART
 

Subscribe to our mailing list