The Big Car Database

Zil

AMO ZiL, (Russian "Zavod imeni Likhachova"), or the Moscow Joint-Stock Company "Likhachov Plant", more commonly called ZiL (Russian: Завод имени Лихачёва (ЗиЛ)

Likhachov Plant, literally "Plant named for Likhachov") is a major Russian automobile, truck, military vehicle, and heavy equipment manufacturer based in the city of Moscow, Russia. Zil has a history of exporting trucks to Cuba, a business resumed in the early 21st century.

ZiL has also produced armored cars for most Soviet leaders, as well as buses, armored fighting vehicles, and aerosani. The company also produces hand-built limousines and high-end luxury sedans (автомобиль представительского класса, also translated as "luxury vehicle") in extremely low quantities, primarily for the former Soviet and current Russian government officials. ZiL passenger cars are priced at the equivalent of models by Maybach and Rolls-Royce, but are largely unknown outside the Commonwealth of Independent States, and production now rarely exceeds a dozen cars per year.

Formerly called

  • AMO (1916-1931)
  • ZiS (1931-1956)

Type

Joint-stock
Industry Automotive
Founded Moscow, Russia (1916)
Headquarters Moscow, Russia

Key people

  • Igor Zakharov (CEO)
  • Konstantin Laptev (General Director, 2002–present)
Products
  • Luxury automobiles
  • Heavy road vehicles
  • Offroad vehicles
  • Military vehicles
Website amo-zil.ru

History

The factory was founded in 1916 as Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo (AMO, Russian Автомобильное Московское Общество (АМО)—Moscow Automotive Society). The plans were to produce Fiat F-15 1.5 tonne trucks under licence. Because of the October Revolution and the subsequent Russian Civil War it took until 1 November 1924 to produce the first vehicle, the AMO-F-15. In 1931 the factory was re-equipped and expanded with the help of the American A.J. Brandt Co., and changed its name to Automotive Factory No. 2 Zavod Imeni Stalina (ZIS or ZiS). After Nikita Khrushchev denounced the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin in 1956, the name was changed again to Zavod imeni Likhachova, after its former director Ivan Alekseevich Likhachov.

ZiL lanes—road lanes dedicated to vehicles carrying top Soviet officials—were named after the car.

Subsidiaries

  • BAZ—Bryansky Avtomobilny Zavod produces off-road tractors and chassis with carrying capacity from 14 to 40 tonnes.

Models

Executive cars and limousines

  • ZIS-101 (1935)
  • ZIS-102 (1938, convertible version of ZIS-101)
  • ZIS-110 (1941)
  • ZIS-115 (armoured version of ZIS-110)
  • ZIL-MZ (prototype sub-compact convertible, 1962)
  • ZIL-111 (1957)
  • ZIL-111G (1962)
  • ZIL-114 (1965)
  • ZIL-115 (1972)
  • ZIL-117 (1969, shortened ZIL-114)
  • ZIL-4102 (prototype, 1988)
  • ZIL-4104 (1978)
  • ZIL-4105 (1988, armoured version of ZIL-41047)
  • ZIL-41041 (1985, five-seat version of ZIL-41047)
  • ZIL-41042 (station wagon version of ZIL-4104)
  • ZIL-41044 (convertible version of ZIL-4104)
  • ZIL-41045 (1983, upgraded ZIL-4104)
  • ZIL-41047 (1985)
  • ZIL-41072 (1988, escort version of ZIL-41047)
  • ZIL-4112R (2012)

Trucks

  • AMO F-15 (1924, produced in agreement with Fiat, based on the Fiat F-15 ter)
  • AMO-2 (1930)
  • AMO-3 (1931)
  • AMO-7 (1932, prototype tractor-trailer based on AMO-3)
  • ZIS-5, ZIS-6 (1930)
  • ZIS-10 (1934, tractor-trailer version of ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-11 (1934, extra long wheelbase version of ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-12 (1934, long wheelbase version of ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-13 (1936, gas generator version of ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-14 (1934, long wheelbase version of ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-15 (prototype replacement for ZIS-5, 1938)
  • ZIS-21 (1939-1941, based on ZIS-5 but powered by wood gas)
  • ZIS-22 (Halftrack, 1939-1941, based on the ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-23 (three axle prototype based on the ZIS-15)
  • ZIS-24 (four-wheel-drive prototype based on the ZIS-15)
  • ZIS-30 (1940, multifuel version of ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-32 (1941, 4x4 version of the ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-33 (1940, halftrack, based on the ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-36 (1944, prototype 6x6 version of ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-41 (1940, simplified version of ZIS-21)
  • ZIS-42 (Halftrack, 1942-1944, based on the ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-43 (1944, armed version of ZIS-42)
  • ZIS-50 (1946, re-engined ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-120N (1956, tractor-trailer version of ZIS-150)
  • ZIS-121 (tractor-trailer version of ZIS-151)
  • ZIS-128 (1954, prototype for ZIL-131)
  • ZIS-E134 (1955, prototype off road vehicle)
  • ZIS-150 (1947)
  • ZIS-151 (1948, three-axle version of ZIS-150)
  • ZIS-153 (1952?, prototype halftrack based on ZIS-151)
  • ZIS-156 (1947, gas generator version of ZIS-150)
  • ZIS-253 (prototype)
  • ZIS-585 (1949, dump-truck version of ZIS-150)
  • ZIL-130 (1962, production moved to Ural Automobiles and Motors in 1994)
  • ZIL-131 (1966, production later moved to Ural Automobiles and Motors)
  • ZIL-132 (1960, prototype off road vehicle)
  • ZIL-133 (1975, three-axle version of ZIL-130)
  • ZIL-134 (1957, prototype off road vehicle)
  • ZIL-135 (1959, prototype off road vehicle) - later built by BAZ
  • ZIL-136 (1957, prototype off road vehicle)
  • ZIL-137 (1970, prototype off road tractor-trailer based on ZIL-131) - built by BAZ
  • ZIL-138 (1975, LPG powered version of ZIL-130)
  • ZIL-157 (1958)
  • ZIL-157R (1957, prototype off road vehicle based on ZIL-157)
  • ZIL-164 (1957, improved ZIS-150)
  • ZIL-164N (1957, tractor trailer version of ZIL-164)
  • ZIL-165 (1958, prototype for ZIL-131)
  • ZIL-166 (1957, gas generator version of ZIL-164)
  • ZIL-E-167 (1962?)
  • ZIL-169G (prototype for ZIL-4331)
  • ZIL-E169A (1964, prototype cab-over truck)
  • ZIL-170 (1969, prototype for KAMAZ-5320)
  • ZIL-175 (1969, two-axle version of ZIL-170, prototype for Kamaz)
  • ZIL-485 (amphibious vehicle based on ZIS-151)
  • ZIL-553 (cement mixer based on ZIL-164)
  • ZIL-555 (1964, dump truck based on ZIL-130)
  • ZIL-585 (1957, dump truck based on ZIL-164)
  • ZIL-2502 (dump truck based on ZIL-5301)
  • ZIL-3302 (1992, prototype truck based on ZIL-119)
  • ZIL-3906
  • ZIL-4305 (1983, prototype truck based on ZIL-4104)
  • ZIL-4327 (2004?)
  • ZIL-4331 (1986)
  • ZIL-4334 (2004)
  • ZIL-4514 (dump truck based on ZIL-133)
  • ZIL-4972
  • ZIL-5301 "Bychok" ("Little Bull") (1996)
  • ZIL-5901 (1970)
  • ZIL-6404 (1996)
  • ZIL-6309 (1999)
  • ZIL-6409 (1999)
  • ZIL-432720
  • ZIL-432930 (2003)
  • ZIL-433180 (2003)
  • ZIL-436200 (2009)

Buses

  • AKZ-1 (1947-1948, based on ZIS-150 truck)
  • AMO-4 (1932-1934, based on the AMO-3)
  • ZIS-lux (prototype, based on the ZIS-6, 1934)
  • ZIS-8 (1934-1938, based on the ZIS-11)
  • ZIS-16 (1938-1942, based on the ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-17 (prototype, based on the ZIS-15, 1939)
  • ZIS-44 (based on the ZIS-5)
  • ZIS-127 (1955-1961)
  • ZIL-129 (short-range version of ZIS-127)
  • ZIS-154 (1946–1950)
  • ZIS-155 (1949–1957)
  • ZIL-118 "Yunost" (1962-1970, based on ZIL-111)
  • ZIL-119 (1971-1994, based on ZIL-118; also called ZIL-118K)
  • ZIL-158 (1957-1959, based on ZIL-164)
  • ZIL-159 (1959, prototype for LiAZ)
  • ZIL-3207 (1991-1999, based on ZIL-41047)
  • ZIL-3250 (1994–present, based on ZIL-5301)

Sport and racing cars

  • ZIS-101 Sport (1939)
  • ZIS-112/1 (1951, based on ZIS-110)
  • ZIS-112/2 (1956)
  • ZIS-112/3 (1956)
  • ZIL-112/4 (1957)
  • ZIL-112/5 (1957, lengthened ZIL-112/4)
  • ZIL-112 Sports (1961)
  • ZIL-412 S (1962)

Other vehicles

  • B-3 half-tracked transporter
  • ZIS-152 armored personnel carrier
  • PES-1 amphibious vehicle (1966)
  • ZIL-PKU-1 pneumatic tracked off-road vehicle (1965)
  • ZIL-SHN-1 Amphibious Screw Vehicle (1968)
  • ZIL-29061 Amphibious Screw Vehicle
  • ZIL-4904 Amphibious Screw Vehicle
  • ZIL-49042 prototype for "Bluebird" (1973)
  • ZIL-4906 (1975?) "Bluebird" 6-wheeled amphibious vehicle, designed to carry the ZIL-2906. Used for the recovery of Soyuz capsules.
  • ZIL-49061 (1975?) Amphibious rescue vehicle, passenger version of the ZIL-4906. Used for the recovery of Soyuz crews.
 

Subscribe to our mailing list