Suzuki Motor Corporation スズキ株式会社 is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Minami-ku, Hamamatsu, Japan, which specializes in manufacturing automobiles, four-wheel drive vehicles, motorcycles, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), outboard marine engines, wheelchairs and a variety of other small internal combustion engines.
In 2011, Suzuki was thought to be the ninth biggest automaker by production worldwide. Suzuki has over 45,000 employees worldwide and has about 35 main production facilities in 23 countries and 133 distributors in 192 countries.
Way Of Life!
|Traded as||TYO: 7269|
|Founded||1909; 107 years ago (as Suzuki Loom Works)|
|Headquarters||Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan|
|Osamu Suzuki (industrialist), (Chairman & CEO)|
|Products||Automobiles, engines, motorcycles, ATVs, outboard motors|
Suzuki started manufacturing motorcycles in 1952, the first models being motorized bicycles. From 1955 to 1976 the company manufactured motorcycles with two-stroke engines only, the biggest two-stroke model being the water-cooled triple-cylinder GT750.
A large factor in Suzuki's success in two-stroke competition was the East German Grand Prix racer Ernst Degner, who defected to the West in 1961, bringing with him expertise in two-stroke engines from the East German manufacturer MZ. The secrets Degner brought with him were the work of Walter Kaaden, who combined three crucial technologies for the first time: the boost port, the expansion chamber, and the rotary valve.
Suzuki hired Degner, and he won the 50 cc class F.I.M. road racing World Championship for them in the 1962 season. Suzuki became the first Japanese manufacturer to win a motocross world championship when Joel Robert won the 1970 250 cc title. In the 1970s, Suzuki established themselves in the motorcycle racing world with Barry Sheene and Roger De Coster winning world championships in the premier 500 cc division in road racing and motocross respectively.
In 1976 Suzuki introduced its first motorcycles since the Colleda COX of the 1950s with four-stroke engines, the GS400 and GS750.
In 1994, Suzuki partnered with Nanjing Jincheng Machinery to create a Chinese motorcycle manufacturer and exporter called Jincheng Suzuki.
Suzuki continued to compete in MotoGP and last won the title in the 2000 season. Since 2006, the team was sponsored by Rizla and was known as Rizla SuzukiMotoGP team. On 18 November 2011, Suzuki announced that the GP racing was suspended, partly due to natural disasters and recession, until 2014.
In addition Suzuki have recorded a total of 93 victories at the Isle of Man TT Races. Suzuki have also taken the runner up spot in the various race categories 100 times and a total 92 third places.
Michio Suzuki opens the Suzuki Loom Works in the small coastal village of Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. The new factory makes weaving looms for Japan’s massive cotton industry and Michio’s intention is simple: to build better, more ergonomic looms than anything that is currently available.
Suzuki builds its first motorised bicycle, the ’Power Free’. Designed to be inexpensive and easy to maintain, it uses a 36cc, two-stroke engine clipped to the frame of a conventional bicycle. The Power Free’s unique double sprocket gear system allows riders to pedal without engine assistance, with engine assistance, or to travel completely under the engine’s own power.
The now famous Suzuki ‘S’ makes its first appearance.
Champions of the world! East German rider, Ernst Degner, takes Suzuki’s first TT victory by winning the 50cc race. He goes on to win the 50cc world championship in the same year giving Suzuki its first world title. Five more 50cc titles will follow in the next six years.
Hugh Anderson wins his fourth world title, this time in the 125cc class.
The sensational T20 Super Six really puts Suzuki on the international map. A 250cc, two-stroke twin with six-speed gear box and a claimed top speed of 160km/h, the T20 is a huge sales success.
Joel Robert retains the world 250cc motocross crown. Roger De Coster becomes the World Motocross Champion 500cc class on his
Barry Sheene wins his, and Suzuki’s, first 500cc world title on the RG500. The legendary bike took the top six places in the championship.
Meanwhile, the GS750 - Suzuki’s first big four-cylinder bike - is released.
Italy’s Marco Lucchinelli wins the 500cc world championship on an RG500.
Suzuki stuns the biking world with its futuristic GSX1100S Katana. The bike’s aggressive styling and superb performance make it a huge sales success.
The bike that is to change the face of motorcycling arrives. Suzuki’s GSX-R750 will always be remembered as the first true race replica machine. Delivering 100 horsepower and weighing in at 176kg, it created a whole new category of performance bikes.
The GSX-R750 achieves a 1-2 finish in its World Endurance Championship debut race, the Le Mans 24-hours Endurance Race.
Kevin Schwantz wins the 500cc world championship on the RGV-γ500 and ensures his name will always be remembered amongst the all-time greats.
Suzuki re-invented GSX-R750 again in 1996. This is the turning-point model of the GSX-R750 with the newly equipped twin-spar frame instead of the double cradle frame. Faithfully tracing the GP machine RGV-Γ, the basic dimensions with shortened wheelbase generated smooth drivability with a surprising dry weight of 179kg.
Suzuki breaks the mould once again with the unveiling of the GSX1300R Hayabusa. The ultimate 1298cc liquid-cooled DOHC in-line 4-cylinder engine that powered the Hayabusa represented the epitome of no-compromise engineering. The Hayabusa's most notable features were its aerodynamic design and its superb balance of the engine performance and handling in a wide speed range on the road.
Kenny Roberts Jr. wins 2-year consecutive victory in the Malaysian GP, the season's 2nd round. With a total of four victories, Roberts Jr. becomes the World Champion of GP500, which for Suzuki is the sixth world title, and the first in seven years since 1993.
An unforgettable year which saw the launch of the ultimate sports bike - the Suzuki GSX-R1000. The newest addition to the GSX-R family had the same impact as the original upon its release in 1985 and re-wrote the rule books on performance, weight, handling and styling. It would soon be dominating race tracks and awards ceremonies around the world.
Suzuki sets new standard of sportbike once again with the introduction of the 2005 GSX-R1000. It went straight back to the top of the superbike tree. The GSX-R1000 wins number of Superbike titles including World Superbike Championship in 2005. The reasons for the Suzuki GSX-R1000's dominance are simple. Great handling and ergonomics, radical styling and full-on usable power.
The Suzuki B-King, a naked muscle bike with attitude, first shown as a concept model in 2001, arrives. Suzuki launches the Worlds first production fuel injected motocross bike - the RM-Z450. In the same year, Suzuki launches the new GSX-R600 and 750 models - the thinking mans sportsbikes. Suzuki introduces 2nd generation Hayabusa 1300.
The all new GSX-R1000 is launched. In the United States, Rockstar Makita Suzuki’s Mat Mladin clinches his seventh AMA Superbike Championship riding GSX-R1000.
GSX-R series total production reaches 1 million units. Since the introduction in 1985, the name of GSX-R became synonymous with high performance sportbike.
Suzuki launches second generation V-Strom 650ABS. V-Strom 650 has always been the best-selling model in its class since first introduced in 2004. To further improve its running performance and riding comfort, 645cc V-Twin engine has improved low-to-mid rpm performance, matched by enhanced fuel economy and environmental performance.
The Suzuki Endurance Racing Team (SERT) takes its 4th consecutive Endurance World Championship and its 13th title overall.
Suzuki introduced V-Strom 1000 ABS as the first Suzuki’s motorcycle with traction control system.
Suzuki announced its return to MotoGP, the FIM Road Racing Grand Prix series from 2015 season.
- X6 Hustler twin (aka T20 Super Six) was sold from 1966 to 1968 as "the fastest 250cc motorcycle in the world". It had Suzuki's new Posi-Force automatic oil injection system (later called Suzuki CCI). Production peaked at more than 5000 units per month. In 2013, Suzuki renewed the Hustler motorcycle trademark for Europe, leading to rumors of a retro style 250 twin. A 1967 T20 Super Six was included in the Las Vegas show of The Art of the Motorcycleexhibition.
- T500 Titan (aka T500 Cobra, GT500) had a 500 cc air-cooled parallel-twin engine which overcame problems with durability, overheating and vibration. With an output of 47 metric horsepower (35 kW) at 6,500 rpm and top speed of 180 kilometres per hour (110 mph), it became Suzuki's flagship machine in 1968, and remains popular with collectors andcafé racers.
- GT750 Le Mans with a straight-three engine was the first Japanese motorcycle with a liquid-cooled engine, earning it the moniker "Water Buffalo." The Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan (Japanese) includes the 1971 Suzuki GT750 as one of their 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology.
- TM400 Cyclone production motocrosser was designed to participate in 500cc class Motocross World Championshipracing. Introduced in 1971, it was notoriously difficult even for skilled riders to control. Redesigned in 1975.
- The RM125 production motocrosser debuted in 1975 to replace the TM125. It was a successful forerunner of the futureRM series line-up from 50cc to 500cc.
- RM250 was fully redesigned in 1982 and the liquid-cooled single-cylinder delivered more power than any production 250cc motorcrosser of the time. It had Suzuki's original full floater, link-type rear suspension introduced a year earlier.
- RG250 Gamma of 1983 was one of the new generation of race replica sport bikes of the 1980s. It had an aluminum frame, a full fairing and a high output straight-twin engine. The 1983 RG250Γ is one of the JSAE 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology.
- RG500 Gamma of 1985 was like RG250, but with a square-four engine.
- RGV250 Gamma, the road-racing replica of Kevin Schwantz's RGV500 GP race bike, replaced the RG250 in 1988 with a V-twin engine.
- GS series – The 1976 GS750 was the first 4-stroke machine released by Suzuki in 20 years. The following year saw Suzuki's first 1-liter machine, the GS1000E, and then in 1979 the GS1000S copy of a Yoshimura GS1000 Superbike.
- Katana – The GSX1100S was released in Europe in 1980; the GSX1000S arrived in the U.S. and Canada later that year as a 1981 model, and revolutionized sportbike styling. A 1982 Katana GS1000SV is on the AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame's list of "classic bikes" that have been shown in the museum, and was in The Art of the Motorcycleexhibition.
- GSX-R750 was one of the Japanese sport bikes of the 1980s that began the modern race replica era. It had air/oil cooling, light weight, and a powerful engine. The Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan (Japanese) includes the 1984 Suzuki GSX-R750 as one of their 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology, and was in The Art of the Motorcycle.
- Intruder 750 with its OHC 4-valve 45° V-twin engine was the first Japanese cruiser motorcycle (designed to appeal to U.S. riders) in 1985. By 1997, cruiser-style motorcycles would account for nearly 60 percent of the U.S. street-bike market.
- GSX-R1100, related to the GSX-R750, appeared in 1986. The same basic engine would reappear in 1995 to power the Bandit 1200 and remain in production through 2006.
- The DR-BIG aka Desert Express DR800S (German) off-roader was existent for two model years as the DR750S(German) until 1990, when its displacement increased to 779cc, still the world largest single cylinder engine in a production motorcycle. Available in Europe through 1999, it was not exported to the U.S. market. Replaced by the V-Strom twin, the DR-BIG has now come full circle as the design inspiration for a 2014 overhaul of the V-Strom 1000 ABS.
- Suzuki RF Series The Suzuki RF series are sport touring motorcycles. They came with three engine variations: 400, 600 and 900 cc. It was in production from 1994 to 1998.
- TL1000S debuted at the 1996 International Motorcycle and Scooter Show as the first Suzuki sport bike with a V-twin engine. This was a liquid-cooled, 90° V-twin, DOHC engine with 4 valves per cylinder, which would be in production through 2012. Although the TL1000S motorcycle ceased production in 2001, the engine would carry on in theTL1000R, the SV1000 and SV1000S, as well as the V-Strom 1000.
- GSX-R600 – a smaller version of the GSX-R750. There were earlier pretenders, but the genuine article arrived in 1997 and has received frequent updates after that.
- Hayabusa (GSX-1300R) was introduced in 1998, and remains Suzuki's flagship sport bike. The 1998 Suzuki Hayabusa is included in the JSAE 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology. The development of asecond generation Hayabusa for the 2008 model year facilitated the 2007 roll-out of the GSX-1300BK B-King, a highly stylized naked variant.
- SV650 was introduced in 1999 as a budget entry in the naked bike market, and since 2001, offered both naked and fully faired. In 2009 the naked bike version was redesigned and renamed the Gladius in keeping with the swordmotif Suzuki established with the Katana. The Gladius motorcycle won a Good Design Award (aka G Mark) from the Japan Institute of Design Promotion.
- GSX-R1000 – This top-of-the-line superbike debuted in 2000, and remains the largest model of the GSX-R series.
- Burgman 650 (AN650) was the largest of a series of urban scooters produced in Japan (marketed as Skywave domestically) as well as in Italy and Spain with engine capacities of 125cc and up. When it appeared in 2002 the 650 was the largest-displacement scooter in the world, and first two-wheel vehicle to have an electrically controlled Continuously Variable Transmission. The Japan Institute of Design Promotion awarded the G Mark Good Design Award to the Skywave 650 in 2003, to the entire Skywave series in 2006 and to the updated Skywave 650LX in 2013.
- Choinori was a lightweight, inexpensive, 50cc scooter and the antithesis of the Skywave 650, but they were introduced at the same time in an effort to increase domestic sales in response to shrinking motorcycle exports. The 2002 Choinori is one of the JSAE 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology. The Choinori was awarded the G Mark Good Design Award in 2003.
- Boulevard M109R (VZR1800) V-twin, dubbed the Intruder M1800R in Europe, arrived in 2006 boasting a 112 mm (4.4 in) bore with a 90.5 mm (3.56 in) stroke, amongst the largest gasoline engine pistons ever used in any production motorcycle (or passenger car).
- GSX-650F – introduced in 2008, this new sport touring model fills the void of the retired Katana. The 2009 model has ABS standard.
- DL-650 V-Strom – a dual-sport motorcycle
- GSX-250F Across – a small 250 cc engine sport touring motorcycle produced from 1990 until 1998. It is mostly known as a practical sports/touring bike, due to its rear petrol tank and a fully enclosed helmet storage area where the petrol tank usually is.
- GSX-R250 – a motorcycle that was manufactured from 1987 to 1994. A couple of years after the presentation of the GSX-R750 the 250 cc GSX-R250 was released. Like the larger bike, the GSX-R250 had a box-frame (steel, not aluminum), full fairing, full-floater rear swing and a four-cylinder four-stroke engine. But while the GSX-R750 engine was air and oil-cooled, the baby brother had a liquid-cooled engine. Not many examples are seen outside Japan. 17-inch cast wheels and 300 mm twin disc brake at the front. The GSX-R250 had impressive power and was made primarily as a road legal 250 cc racing bike reaching speeds of 200+km/h (124 mph). Imported specimens may be seen in Australia and New Zealand commonly. Also, around 350 units were exported to Denmark around 1989 to 1992.
Other power sources
- RE5 was the first (and only) Japanese motorcycle produced with a Wankel rotary engine. That, and its Giugiaro styling, make it one of the oddest and most collectible motorcycles of the 1970s. The 1974 RE5 is one of the JSAE 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology, and a 1976 model is in the AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame.
- Burgman Fuel-Cell Scooter uses electric-motor propulsion, powered by an air-cooled hydrogen fuel cell; its only emission is water. Following on a concept model at the 2009 Tokyo Motor Show, in 2011 the Burgman Fuel-Cell Scooter became the world's first fuel-cell vehicle to earn Whole Vehicle Type Approval (WVTA) in the European Union, enabling the vehicle to be sold in all member states. Suzuki is working toward commercial production of this scooter.
- Falcorustyco concept model at the 1985 Tokyo Motor Show envisaged the motorcycle technologies that might be brought into play by 1995, including a 4-cycle square 4-cylinder 500 cc engine, frameless body, front-and-rear swingarm suspension, center hub hydraulic power steering, chainless hydraulic drive and pop-up screen cowling.
- Nuda was a full-time two-wheel drive prototype, incorporating power steering and a swing seat, in a carbon fiber honeycomb monocoque body, shown at the 1986 Tokyo Motor Show. Nuda concepts influenced the design of the Suzuki Hayabusa.
- B-King – The concept model was well received by the public when it went on display at the 2001 Tokyo Motor Show. The addition of a turbocharger to the GSX1300R engine testified to massive power output, while electronics such as cellphone and GPS were stowed in the ultra-modern angular bodywork. The production model appeared six years later, largely unchanged except for its naturally aspirated engine. B-King styling is reflected in the award-winning design of the GSR600 and the GSR750, as well as the Inazuma GW250 and GW250S.
- G-Strider concept model with 916 cc engine, made public at the 2003 Tokyo Motor Show, was a half-scooter, half-cruiser (motorcycle) mash-up with an electrically controlled Continuously Variable Transmission incorporating a push-button manual mode, similar to the Burgman 650. Accentuating luxury, the G-Strider's handlebars, footrests, seat backrest, passenger backrest and windscreen were all electrically adjustable while under way to ensure the most comfortable riding position possible.
- Stratosphere prototype was shown at the Tokyo Motor Show in 2005, with an 1100 cc engine pushed to the limits of space-saving design, resulting in an in-line six-cylinder as wide as a conventional in-line four-cylinder engine. Hammered aluminum and Damascus steel incorporate material characteristics into styling design. Prospects for a production model seemed good, considering that Suzuki's previous significant concept motorcycle, the B-King had made it into production, but the market changed before Stratosphere got the go-ahead.
- Biplane was a blue-sky concept announced at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show, designed to convey the joy of two-wheel mobility, inspired by the feeling of flying an airplane. Its shape generates a feeling of openness in a modern machine powered by a V-four engine.
- Crosscage concept model was displayed at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show. Combining a high-performance secondary battery and a compact, lightweight air-cooled fuel-cell system from British specialist company Intelligent Energy enabled quick activation with low fuel consumption. The lithium-ion battery assured reserve power as well as minimal environmental impact. Light weight not only made this bike environment-friendly but also sporty.
- Gemma prototype model was introduced at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show. The distinctive "full-flat 2-seater," 250 cc four-stroke single-cylinder scooter is low and sleek and gives the rider and passenger feel a greater sense of intimacy. The luggage compartment in front of the rider holds a helmet. Gemma went into production in Japan the following year for the domestic market.
- Recursion turbo parallel-twin middleweight, shown at 2013 Tokyo Auto Show
All-terrain vehicles (ATVs)
- Quadrunner 160
- LT 230
- Ozark 250
- Eiger 400
- Quadmaster 500
- Kingquad 750
- Kingquad 550
- Kingquad 700
List of Suzuki motorcycles
|Marauder VZ800 (VZ800 Marauder)||800||Cruiser|
|Boulevard S40 (LS650 Savage)||650||Cruiser|
|Boulevard C50 (VL800 Volusia)||805||Cruiser|
|Boulevard M50 (Intruder M800)||805||Cruiser|
|Boulevard S50 (Intruder)||805||Cruiser|
|Boulevard S83 (Intruder VS1400)||1360||Cruiser|
|VL 1500 Intruder LC / Boulevard C90||1460||Cruiser|
|Boulevard M90R (Intruder M1500R)||1462||Cruiser|
|Boulevard C109R (Intruder C1800R)||1800||Cruiser|
|Boulevard M109R (Intruder M1800R)||1800||Cruiser|
|Intruder (VS) series||Cruiser|
|Madura series (85,86 only)||700, 1200||Cruiser|
|RV 50 VanVan||50||Dual-sport/off-road|
|RV 90 Rover||90||Dual-sport/off-road|
|RV 125 VanVan||125||Dual-sport/off-road|
|RV 200 VanVan||200||Dual-sport/off-road|
|TS series - Two Stroke Dual Purpose||Dual-sport/off-road|
|TM250 (also known as RH67)||250||Motocross|
|DR Series - Four stroke||Motocross/Off-road/Dual-sport|
|DR-Z Series - Four stroke||Motocross/Off-road/Dual-sport|
|PE series - - Two stroke||Motocross/Off-road/Dual-sport|
|RM/RMX series - Two stroke||Motocross/off-road|
|RM-Z Series - Four stroke||Motocross/off-road|
|TC series - Two Stroke Dual Purpose w/dual range transmission||Off-road|
|Address V125 Police Scooter||Scooter/Moped|
|AN Burgman series||Scooter/Moped|
|FA50 (Suzuki Shuttle)||49||Scooter/Moped|
|M30 Mokick (Suzy 50)||50||Scooter/Moped|
|M31 (Suzy 55)||55||Scooter/Moped|
|SJK Mini Free MF1 (1954)||Scooter/Moped|
|GSF / Bandit Series||Street|
|GSF 1200 Bandit||1200||Street|
|GSX-F / Katana series||Street|
|GSX 250F (also known as Across)||250||Street|
|GSX 250S Katana||250||Street|
|GSX 400S Katana||400||Street|
|GSX 750S Katana||750||Street|
|GSX 1000S Katana||1000||Street|
|GSX 1100S Katana||1100||Street|
|GSX 1100 E/EF||1100||Street|
|GSX 1200 Inazuma||1200||Street|
|T200 Invader (also known as X5)||200||Street|
|T20 "Hustler" (also known as X6)||250||Street|
|EN 125cc 2a||125||Street|
|GV1400 Cavalcade (85-90)||1360||Touring|
|DL 650 V-Strom||645||Touring/sport touring|
|DL 1000 V-Strom||1000||Touring/sport touring|
|Crosscage - Fuel Cell||Concept/Prototype|