SsangYong Motor Company Korean: 쌍용자동차 (meaning Double Dragons Motor Vehicles) is the fourth largest South Korea-based automobile manufacturer.
It is a subsidiary of Mahindra & Mahindra Limited.
A 70% share of SsangYong was acquired by Mahindra & Mahindra Limited in February 2011, after being named the preferred bidder in 2010 to acquire the bankruptcy-protected company. Mahindra's acquisition was approved by South Korea's Free Trade Commission.
|4 March 1954
|Seoul, South Korea
|Worldwide (except North America)
|Lee Yoo-il, CEO
|Automobiles andcommercial vehicles
|Mahindra & Mahindra Limited (70%)
SsangYong originally started out as two separate companies; Ha Dong-hwan Motor Workshop (established in 1954) and Dongbang Motor Co (established in 1962). In mid-1963, the two companies merged into Ha Dong-hwan Motor Co.
In 1964, Hadonghwan Motor Company started building jeeps for the US Armyas well as trucks and buses. Beginning in 1976, Hadonghwan produced a variety of special purpose vehicles. After changing its name to Dong-A Motor in 1977, it was taken over by SsangYong Business Group in 1986 and changed its name to SsangYong Motor. In 1987, it acquired United Kingdom-based specialty car maker Panther Westwinds.
In 1991, SsangYong started a technology partnership with Daimler-Benz. The deal was for SsangYong to develop an SUV with Mercedes-Benz technology. This was supposedly to allow SsangYong to gain footholds in new markets without having to build their own infrastructure (utilizing existing Mercedes-Benz networks) while giving Mercedes a competitor in the then-booming SUVmarket. This resulted in the Musso, which was sold first by Mercedes-Benz and later by SsangYong.
SsangYong further benefited from this alliance, long after Daimler-Benzstopped selling the Musso, producing a badge engineered version of theMercedes-Benz MB100, the Istana and using Daimler designs in many other models, including the second-generation Korando (engine and transmission), the Rexton (transmission), theChairman H (chassis and transmission) and the Kyron (transmission).
In 1997, Daewoo Motors, now Tata Daewoo, bought a controlling stake from the SsangYong Group, only to sell it off again in 2000, because the conglomerate ran into deep financial troubles. In late 2004, the Chinese automobile manufacturer SAIC took a 51% stake of SsangYong Motor Company.
In January 2009, after recording a $75.42 million loss, the company was put into receivership. This may have been due to the global economic crisis and shrinking demand. On August 14, 2009, worker strikes finished at the SsangYong factory and production commenced again after 77 days of disruption. Company employees and analysts have also blamed SAIC for stealing technology related to hybrid vehicles from the company and failing to live up to its promise of continued investment. SAIC denied allegations of technology theft by the company's employees. However, SAIC was charged by the South Korean prosecutor's office for violating company regulations and the South Korean law when it ordered and carried out the transfer of SsangYong's proprietary technology developed with South Korean government funding over to SAIC researchers.
In 2010, Daewoo Motor Sales was dropped by General Motors. The long-time dealership partner then signed a deal with the SsangYong Motor Company to supply new vehicles to sell (specifically the Rodius, Chairman W and Chairman H), in return for the injection of ₩20,000,000,000 ($17.6 million) into the car maker still recovering from bankruptcy. The deal is non-exclusive, meaning SsangYong will also sell vehicles through private dealers.
In April 2010, the company released a statement citing interest of three to four local and foreign companies in acquiring SsangYong Motor Company, resulting in shares rising by 15%. The companies were later revealed to be Mahindra & Mahindra and the Ruia Group of India and SM Aluminum, Seoul Investments and French-owned Renault Samsung Motors of South Korea. In August 2010, Mahindra & Mahindra Limited was chosen as the preferred bidder for SsangYong. The acquisition was completed in February 2011 and cost Mahindra 522.5 billion Won.
- South Korea (Pyeongtaek). Main factory. Produces a complete range.
- Russia (Vladivostok). Russian company Sollers JSC manufactured SsangYong Korando as New Actyon, Kyron, Rexton II, Actyon Sports and its upgraded version SUT1.
- Ukraine (Kremenchuk). Kremenchuk Сar Assembly Plant (KrASZ) manufactured Korando, Kyron, Rexton II.
|SsangYong's first new model under Mahindra & Mahindra ownership
|Replaced the old Korando
|Replaced the Rexton II
|SsangYong's first model under SAIC ownership
|Replaced the Rexton
|Replaced the Musso and succeeded by the Rexton II
|Replaced by the Kyron
|Replaced by the Actyon, revived in late 2010
|Based on the Isuzu Trooper
|Replaced the Musso Sports; also known as Korando Sports from 2012
|Replaced by the Actyon Sports
|Licensed copy of the Mercedes-Benz MB100
|Was sold alongside the Chairman H
|Based on the Mercedes-Benz W124
|Rebadged Panther Kallista
|Trucks and Buses
|Based on Nissan Diesel Truck
|Based on Mercedes-Benz trucks
|Based on Mercedes-Benz buses